Design-based research methods


Dr Jan Herrington

Professor of Education

School  of Education

Murdoch University

Social media and links

Murdoch homepage

Research repository

Google Scholar





Links to sites

Design-based research PPS

Design-based research collective


Plomp, T., & Nieveen, N.

McKenney, S & Reeves, T.C.

Phillips, R. McNaught, C & Kennedy, G.

Educational Design Research


Herrington, J., Reeves, TC and Oliver, R.




One page design template (docx)

Full template with guidance (docx)


The papers often cited as the beginnings of DBR:

Brown, A. L. (1992).   Design experiments Design experiments: Theoretical and methodological challenges in creating complex interventions. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2(2), 141-178.

Collins, A. (1992). Towards a design science of education. In E. Scanlon & T. O'Shea (Eds.), New directions in educational technology (pp. 15-22). Berlin: Springer- Verlag.


The Road Runner

(an anti-metaphor of DBR)

See: Park, S., Choi, H., & Hong, Y. (2010). Utilizing storytelling as an instructional element in higher education. In Z.W. Abas, I. Jung & J. Luca (Eds.), Proceedings of the Global Learn Asia Pacific 2010 Conference (pp. 3442-3445). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.

Muhammad Yunus

WA Swimming Pool Study

The swimming pool study 2000-2006. Report

Wikipedia: Design-based research

EdutechWiki: Design-based research

Design-based research in education (From Let me Google that for you)


Chapters and papers on design-based research

BOOK: Book and chapter

Herrington, J., Reeves, T.C., & Oliver, R. (2010). A guide to authentic e-learning. London and New York: Routledge. 



Published in:

Reeves, T.C. (2006). Design research from a technology perspective. In J. van den Akker, K. Gravemeijer, S. McKenney & N. Nieveen (Eds.), Educational design research (pp. 52-66). London: Routledge.


van den Akker, J. (1999). Principles and methods of development research. In J. van den Akker, N. Nieveen, R. M. Branch, K. L. Gustafson & T. Plomp (Eds.), Design methodology and developmental research in education and training (pp. 1-14). The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. [pdf]

Herrington, J. (2012) Design based research: Implementation issues in emerging scholar research. In: World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications (EdMedia) 2012.

Herrington, J., & Reeves, T.C. (2011). Using design principles to improve pedagogical practice and promote student engagement. In G. Williams, P. Statham, N. Brown & B. Cleland (Eds.) Changing Demands, Changing Directions. Proceedings ascilite Hobart 2011 (pp. 594-601). Hobart: Ascilite. 

Reeves, T. C., McKenney, S. & Herrington, J. (2011). Publishing and perishing: The critical importance of educational design research. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 27(1), 55-65.

Herrington, J., McKenney, S. Reeves, T.C., & Oliver, R. (2007). Design-based research and doctoral students: Guidelines for preparing a dissertation proposal. Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications (pp. 4089-4097). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.

Anderson, T. & Shattuck, J. (2012) Design-based research: A decade of progress in educational research? Educational Researcher, 41(1), 16-25.

Anderson, T. (2005). Design-based research and its application to a call centre innovation in distance education. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 31(2).

Shattuck, J., & Anderson, T. (2013). Using a design-based research study to identify principles for training instructors to teach online. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 14(5).


Wang, S.-K., Hsu, H.-Y., Reeves, T.C., & Coster, D.C. (2014). Professional development to enhance teachers' practices in using information and communication technologies (ICTs) as cognitive tools: Lessons learned from a design-based research study. Computers & Education, 79(0), 101-115. doi:

Seeto, D., & Herrington, J. (2006). Design-based research and the learning designer. In L. Markauskaite, P. Goodyear, & P. Reimann (Eds.), Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Conference of ASCILITE: Who’s Learning? Whose Technology? (pp. 741-745). Sydney:ascilite

Peterson, R. & Herrington, J. (2005). The state of the art of design-based research. In G. Richards (Ed.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2005 (pp. 2302-2307). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.

Pais Marden, M., Herrington, J., & Herrington, A. (2009). Developing an online community of learners for second language students using design-based research. In T. Bastiaens, J. Dron, & C. Xin (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2009 (pp. 1862-1867). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.

Peterson, R., Herrington, J., Konza, D., Tzvetkova-Arsova, M., Stefanov, K. (2008). Assisting Bulgarian special educators with competency development online. Campus-Wide Information Systems: The International Journal of Information and Learning Technology, 25(4), 197-208.

Peterson, R., Herrington, J., Konza D., Tzvetkova-Arsova, M., Stefanov, K. (2007). Investigating the role of eportfolios and online courses in a community of practice: Assisting Bulgarian special educators with lifelong competency development. Proceedings of the ePortfolio 2007 Conference, Maastricht, the Netherlands: European Institute for E-Learning.

Vesper, J., Reeves, T.C. & Herrington, J.  (2011). The application of expert review as a formative evaluation strategy within an educational design research study. In Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2011 (pp. 973-978). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.

Exploring resources on DBR (particularly for authentic and technology-based learning research)